What is gestational diabetes? What causes gestational diabetes? How is the sugar loading test done?

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We have heard many times about the sugar load test, which is one of the tests applied to learn the health status of the expectant mother and her baby during pregnancy. So what is gestational diabetes? What are the symptoms of gestational diabetes? How is the gestational diabetes test done? Is the diabetes test during pregnancy harmful? What does the sugar load test do? How to load sugar during pregnancy? Is gestational diabetes permanent?

During pregnancy, many tests are applied by experts to keep the health status of both the expectant mother and the baby under control. Among these tests, the most common test is the gestational diabetes test. Gestational diabetes, which is described as ‘gestational diabetes’ in the medical literature , occurs during pregnancy, while the baby does not appear in the woman’s body before conception. Gestational diabetes mellitus, which can cause serious harm such as sudden death in babies in cases where it cannot be controlled, is 24-28. occurs between weeks. In gestational diabetes, which can be controlled with the use of medication in addition to a healthy diet and regular exercises, the blood sugar level is kept in balance and the risk of a difficult birth is prevented, thus protecting the health of the mother and baby. Sugar loading test, which is vital for mother and baby, has been neglected for no reason lately. However, it is very important to see the blood sugar value after the mother-to-be’s carbohydrate meal. Even if the expectant mother has diabetes, the discomfort is easily detected by this test. So, is the sugar challenge test recommended for every pregnant woman? What are the risks of gestational diabetes test? Here are some of the troubling consequences it may cause:

-The baby is born with more than normal weight
-Premature (Premature) birth
-The baby’s lung development due to premature birth incomplete
-Some metabolic diseases
-Increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future

WHAT IS GESTATIONAL DIABETES? ? WHO HAS PREGNANCY DIABETES MORE FREQUENTLY? IS GESTATIONAL DIABETES PERMANENT?

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Gestational diabetes mellitus, which occurs during pregnancy and mostly after the baby is born is high blood sugar. Gestational diabetes, which can appear in any trimester of pregnancy, means gestational diabetes if the body cannot produce enough insulin to help control blood sugar levels to meet its extra needs.

Gestational diabetes, which occurs in approximately 2-4% of women during pregnancy, generally in people with diabetes in their family, overweight people, over 35 years of pregnancy and people who have given birth over 4 kg in previous pregnancies is more common. Suggestions such as having an ideal weight before pregnancy, healthy eating and regular exercise, avoiding excessive sugary foods and reducing fat intake should be heeded.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES IN PREGNANCY? HOW IS DIABETES DIAGNOSED? SYMPTOMS OF SUGAR IN PREGNANCY…

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Normal values ​​of expectant mothers who have diabetes during pregnancy Reasons such as consuming water above the standards, overeating, rapid weight loss, and going to the toilet during the day are among the symptoms of diabetes during pregnancy. Problems that may occur later can be prevented by having a sugar load test during pregnancy.

When the blood sugar level gets too high during pregnancy, the following symptoms are seen:
-Increased thirst
-Feeling the need to urinate more often than usual
-Dry mouth
– Fatigue

WHAT ARE THE RISKS OF PREGNANCY SUGAR FOR THE BABY?

1- When sugar is not noticed during pregnancy, disproportionateness and sudden weight gain can be seen in the baby’s shoulders. In this situation, the chance of normal delivery decreases and the probability of cesarean section increases. Problems such as paralysis may occur during childbirth due to excess weight.

2- Excess water in the place where the baby’s sac is located reduces the chance of delivery.

3- Blood pressure problems may occur due to pregnancy poisoning.

HOW TO MEASURE SUGAR IN PREGNANCY? HOW TO DO THE SUGAR LOADING TEST IN PREGNANCY? WHEN IS THE SUGAR LOADING TEST DONE?

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Gestational diabetes, which is seen with high sugar levels in pregnant women, mostly occurs after the 20th week. This test, which is applied between the 24th and 28th weeks, is performed by loading 50 grams of glucose on the pregnant woman . During the application of the test , a needle is inserted into the arm and this needle is kept there for 120 minutes.

Some mothers may be concerned about the amount of sugar loaded in the test. However, 50 grams of sugar is not much different from consuming only 2 large oranges. If the sugar value is above 140, the definitive diagnosis is made with a 3-hour 100 gram glucose test. If a diagnosis of gestational diabetes has been made, oral medication is not given to the pregnant woman. Instead, if the doctor recommends it, the situation is tried to be resolved with insulin + healthy nutrition or only a healthy diet. Careful nutrition should be considered in the first 3-4 months following the birth, even if the pregnancy passes after gestational diabetes. The reason is that diabetes during pregnancy does not last, which will affect the whole of life.

WHAT SHOULD THOSE WITH GESTATIONAL DIABETES EAT? FOOD AGAINST PREGNANCY WITH DIABETES!

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IN PREGNANCY DIAGNOSIS OF GESTATIONAL DIABETES;

-Excessive amounts of sweets, candy and chocolate,

-A large amount of fruit at night,

-Flour products such as pasta, pastry, bread,

-Non-organic added fruit juices,

-Energy drinks,

-Caffeinated drinks,

-Milk should also be avoided during pregnancy due to the danger of diabetes.

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