Additional supplements such as the use of vitamins and minerals during pregnancy for expectant mothers are very important for the healthy development of the baby. So how should the consumption of vitamins during pregnancy be? What are the safe vitamin supplements during pregnancy? What are the diseases caused by vitamin deficiency? Which vitamins should be taken while pregnant? Use of vitamins and minerals from A to Z during pregnancy:
If you think it’s time for the chirping of children to circulate in your house, and if you have decided to have a baby with your partner, there are some recommended situations before you enter the pregnancy process. It is known that experts recommend the right use of vitamins, minerals and iron, apart from folic acid supplements, which should be started at least 3 months before for a planned and healthy pregnancy. Taking vitamins and additional food supplements, which every woman will start gradually during pregnancy, before pregnancy is the mainstay of a healthy and comfortable pregnancy process. Therefore, every woman who is considering becoming a mother should start taking vitamins before becoming pregnant. In order to prevent folic acid, calcium and iron deficiencies, necessary vitamin supplements should be started as soon as possible under the control of a doctor. So why continue the vitamins taken before pregnancy during pregnancy? Let’s look at the most frequently asked questions about the use of vitamins during pregnancy…
WHY VITAMINS IN PREGNANCY SHOULD BE USED? SHOULD EVERY PREGNANCY USE VITAMINS?
Even if everything seems to be going well during pregnancy, there are some important things that the expectant mother should not miss. There are vitamins and medicines. The vitamins recommended for each pregnant woman do not always mean that they were given to the expectant mother or baby as a result of some problems. These supplements can also be recommended by doctors for a healthy development. Most of the time, natural formulas are used instead of drugs that are seen as a last resort during pregnancy. Expectant mothers should never act alone in drugs that should only be used with the approval of a doctor in obligatory situations.
Iron and blood drugs are routine supplements that every pregnant woman should use. Calcium and magnesium supplements should be used only when necessary.
THE IMPORTANCE OF VITAMIN AND MINERAL INtake IN PREGNANCY
An adequate amount of folic acid, iron, calcium, vitamins and minerals are required for a healthy development of a baby in the mother’s womb. If iron deficiency is observed, vitamins with more iron content should be used. Therefore, the best person to determine this is the doctor. All the vitamin support required for the mother-to-be and the baby is hidden in the right choice of vitamins. Instead of using more than one vitamin, multivitamins that meet a small number of needs can also be recommended.
Some vitamins taken in high doses may cause side effects on the body. So which vitamins do what?
DUTIES ACCORDING TO VITAMIN TYPES:
Vitamins, which are soluble in fat, serve as storage in the body. When consumed in excess, it may accumulate in the liver and body adipose tissue and cause an adverse reaction. Apart from fat-soluble vitamins, water-soluble vitamins are also thrown out of the body when taken in high amounts, but they cause problems in the digestive system. When we divide both types of vitamins into groups , fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, K. water-soluble vitamins B and C group vitamins.
WHICH VITAMINS TO USE IN PREGNANCY?
Pregnancy phase is a period in which the expectant mother works at double speed compared to normal times. The metabolic rate increases in order to provide the baby with a healthy diet and to meet the nutrients that the expectant mother will need. Subsequently, the blood volume also rises. For these reasons, the amount of vitamins to be taken during the day also increases. Although it is generally recommended to meet the vitamins and minerals from food, the only vitamin that must be taken from the outside is folic acid.
Folic acid value, which cannot be enough for daily consumed foods, is the most important supplement that should be taken even before pregnancy.
WHAT HAPPENS AS A RESULT OF VITAMIN DEFICIENCY IN PREGNANCY? DISEASES CAUSED BY VITAMIN DEFICIENCY…
In the vitamin and mineral stores of the expectant mother In order not to see a decrease, it is necessary to pay attention to a healthy and balanced diet during the day. Otherwise, some problems that may occur may cause diseases. For example; iron deficiency anemia anemia, iodine deficiency cretinism, magnesium-copper-calcium deficiencies developmental disorders, folic acid deficiency neural tube defects, vitamin A deficiency night blindness diseases may occur. According to the results of some studies, some doctors may not need additional vitamins in a healthy diet. However, all doctors, without exception, underline that folic acid consumption should be started before pregnancy. Because it is impossible for folic acid to be stored in the body, additional supplementation is required.
HOW TO USE IRON DRUGS IN PREGNANCY?
One of the minerals directly supplemented by pregnant women is iron. If adequate iron intake is not achieved, there is a risk of low birth weight in the baby. For this reason, just like folic acid, iron medication can be given directly. If there is no anemia, the 28th week can be waited to start iron medication. Foods that will be good for iron deficiency, apart from drug use, are as follows: spinach, lentils, tomatoes, grapes, red meat, dill, walnuts, almonds.
SAFE VITAMINS LIST IN PREGNANCY!
Vitamin A & Beta Carotene (770 mcg):
Contributes to the growth of bones and teeth.
Foods with vitamin A: Liver, milk, eggs, carrots, spinach, yellow and green vegetables, broccoli, potatoes, zucchini, melons, yellow fruits
Vitamin D (5 mcg):
Increases the use of calcium and phosphorus.
Foods with vitamin D: Milk, oily fish, sun
Vitamin E (15 mg):
Uses muscle and red blood cells.
Foods with vitamin E: Vegetable oil, wheat, walnuts, hazelnuts, spinach, corn flakes
Vitamin C ( 80 – 85 mg):
It is an antioxidant that increases iron absorption.
Foods with vitamin C: citrus fruits, peppers, beans, strawberries, potatoes, broccoli, tomatoes
Thiamin/ B1(1.4 mg):
Regulates the nervous system
Foods containing vitamin B1: Grain, corn, meat, egg, rice, pasta, mulberry, walnut, hazelnut, legumes
Riboflavin/B2 (1.4 mg):
Foods containing vitamin B2: Meat, chicken, fish, corn, eggs
Niacin/B3 (18 mg):
Helps healthy skin.
Foods with vitamin B3: High protein foods, corn, bread, fish, milk, eggs, peanuts
Folic Acid (600 mcg):
Reduces spina bifida and other neural tube defects.
Foods with folic acid: Oranges, strawberries, green leafy vegetables, spinach, beets, broccoli, cauliflower, corn, peas, pasta, nuts
Calcium (1,000 – 1,300 mg):
Reduces blood clotting.
Foods with calcium: Yogurt, milk, cheese, fruit, bread, cereal, dark green leafy vegetables,
Iron (27 mg):
Reduces the risk of low birth weight and preterm birth
Foods with iron: Meat , dried beans, spinach, dried fruit, cereal, oatmeal
Protein (71 mg):
Protein foods: Animal products, meat, poultry, eggs, dairy products, beans, legumes, nuts
Zinc: (11-12 mg)
Red meat, poultry, beans, nuts, cereal, corn, oysters, dairy products